Diploma in Engineering is a specific academic award usually awarded in technical or vocational courses e.g. Engineering, Pharmacy, Designing, etc. Studies of Diploma in Engineering is usually held in Polytechnic institutes recognized by respective State Boards of Technical Education/Examination
Normally a person who has passed 10 standard (HSLC) is eligible for admission to ITI. The objective of opening of ITI is provide technical manpower to industries. These persons are trained in basic skills required to do jobs of say operator or a craftsman. The course in ITI is designed in way to impart basic skill in the trade specified. The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending upon trade opted. After completion of desired period of training the person is eligible to appear in the AITT ( All India Trade Test ) conducted by NCVT( National Council for Vocational training ). After passing AITT, the person is awarded NATIONAL TRADE CERTIFICATE (NTC)in concerning trade by NCVT. After passing ITI course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry for a year or two. Again the person has to appear & pass in a test to be conducted by NCVT to get the NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP CERTIFICATE . There are both government funded and private (self-financing) ITI's in India. Most of ITI's impart training in technical trades like instrument mechanic, electrician, fitter, plumber, diesel mechanic, Computer Operator & Programming Assistant (COPA), electrical mechanic, Information Technology, Mechanic Computer Hardware, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Turner, Welder, etc. Industrial Training Centre (ITC's) are self-financing and provide same courses as ITI's. Trade test for ITI and ITC trainees are common. The certificate issued by NCVT are of same standard whether one had a training in Government owned ITI or privately owned ITC.
The Bachelor of Commerce degree is designed to provide the student with a wide range of managerial skills while at the same time building competence in a particular area of business studies. Most universities therefore plan the degree such that additional to their major, students are exposed to general business principles, taking courses in accounting/finance, human resources, statistics, marketing, economics, and information systems. For a comparison with other degrees in business and management.
The Honours Bachelor of Commerce (H.B.Comm. or BCom (Hons)) is a four-year commerce degree. It may consist of a four-year program, or of a single-year program taken subsequent to the three year Bachelor's degree. The degree requires additional academic courses, with a researched thesis component, and is an abridgement between the undergraduate program and postgraduate programs, including the Master of Commerce and Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.) degrees. The one-year program is often focused exclusively on a single subject-area.,

The Bachelor of Pharmacy degree is popularly known as B-Pharm in India. It is a four-year program with both annual and semester schemes available. In order to be eligible, one must pass with at least 50% marks in 10 + 2 (or an equivqlent examination) with biology/biotechnology as one of the subjects. In some states it is mandatory to give an additional pharmacy entrance examination in order to be eligible for the course. D.Pharm (Diploma of Pharmacy) holders are eligible for admission into B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy) into the second year directly via Lateral entry in india.

Colleges imparting pharmaceutical education (D.Pharm, B.Pharm, M.Pharm or Pharm D) must be approved by All Indian Council of Technical Education (AICTE) or Pharmacy Council Of India (PCI). For a student to be eligible for registration as a pharmacist in India, the college from which he/she graduated must be approved by the PCI. B-Pharm is often superseded by M-Pharm and PhD level courses although the minimum qualification required for registration as a pharmacist is D.Pharm.

The Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA or B.B.A.) is a bachelor's degree in commerce and business administration. In most universities, the degree is conferred after four years of full-time study in one or more areas of business concentrations. The BBA program usually includes general business courses and advanced courses for specific concentrations.

The degree is designed to give a broad knowledge of the functional aspects of a company and their interconnection, while also allowing for specialization in a particular area. BBA programs expose students to a variety of "core subjects" and allow students to specialize in a specific academic area. The degree also develops the student's practical managerial skills, communication skills and business decision-making capability. Many programs incorporate training and practical experience, in the form of case projects, presentations, internships, industrial visits, and interaction with experts from the industry.

BCA Stands for the Bachelor in Computer Application.BCA is 3 year graduation degree course generally for those students who wants to learn Computer languages and after that who wants to join Software companies. In Today time every course has its own importance. Some students who were not able to take 4 year BTech graduation degree course in Computer Science branch, they join the BCA course.

The Bachelor of Technology (commonly abbreviated as B.Tech. and Honours is B.Tech. (Hons.) is an undergraduate academic degree conferred after completion of a three or four-year program of studies at an accredited university or accredited university-level institution.

In general, the degree is awarded to those who have undertaken a degree program which is supplemented by either occupational placements (e.g. supervised practice or internships), practice-based classroom courses. Due to these requirements, the degree normally takes at least four years.

The Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is an undergraduate academic degree designed to satisfy the academic component of professional accreditation bodies, to be followed by a period of practical training prior to professional examination and registration. It is awarded for a course of study that lasts up to five years. In some cases, a B.Arch. can be undertaken after having completed a three-year generalized architectural degree plus an additional two years.

A Bachelor of Science ( B.Sc. or a Science Degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three years.

Whether a student of a particular subject is awarded a Bachelor of Science degree or a Bachelor of Arts degree can vary between universities. For example, an economics degree may be given as a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) by one university but as a B.Sc. by another, and some universities offer the choice of either. Some liberal arts colleges in the United States offer only the BA, even in the natural sciences, while some universities offer only the BS even in non-science fields.

The Journalism Course is a full time, post-graduate Advanced Diploma programme, intended as instruction in the role and function of mass media in civil society. It examines the principles, practice and responsibility of communication, and the convergence of print, broadcast and online journalism. In the era of New Media, the Journalism Course combines knowledge creation and extension, craft and context, with practical applications in a study programme of proven excellence. Students emerge from the course enabled for multiple tasks and skills in mass communication and social development. The course comprises 17 modules (obligatory), and sets of electives (one group to be chosen from 3 offered); and seminars and workshops, the costs of which make up the tuition fee.

The MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine/Bachelor of Surgery) degree represents the first (graduation) level of training required to be licensed as a physicians, and the MS or MD degree is a higher postgraduate degree, representative of specialty training. Eligibility for the MS or MD course is restricted to medical graduates holding the MBBS degree. The MBBS course is for five and a half years, and training is obtained in medical disciplines (e.g.: Internal Medicine, Radiology, Pathology, etc.). After three years of study and the successful completion of an examination, which includes both theoretical and practical elements, in a pre-clinical or clinical subject of a non-surgical nature the candidate receives MD degree, whereas in a pre-clinical or clinical subject of a surgical nature, i.e. anatomy, general surgery, orthopaedics and gynaecology, the candidate receives the equivalent degree Master of Surgery (MS).

After obtaining the first postgraduate degree, that is MD/MS/FCPS/DNB, one can go for further specialisation in medical or surgical fields. This involves a highly competitive entrance examination. Course has three years of additional training and study and then after passing an examination, both theory and practical, the degree awarded is DM (Doctor of Medicine), like DM in Cardiology, Neurology, Nephrology, Gastroenterology, NeuroRadiology, Critical Care, Pulmonology, Hematology, Medical Oncology, Cardioanaesthesia, and Neuroanaesthesia. For surgical superspecialities the degree awarded is MCh (Magister Chirurgiae), like MCh in Cardiac Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Neurosurgery, Gastrosurgery, Urology, Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Surgery etc. DM and Mch are Doctorate degrees. A third alternate qualification is DNB (superspecialties), offered by National Board of Examinations, like DNB in Cardiology, Neurology, Cardiac Surgery, Neurosurgery.

The DM and MCh degrees are super-specialties and are very high ranked/prestigious.

Following DM or Mch, one can further go for a third postdoctorate degree that is, postdoctoral fellowship programs of one-year duration in specific subspecialities like Cardiac Electrophysiology, Invasive cardiology, Pediatric cardiology, Epilepsy, stroke, electroencephalography, movement disorders, neuromuscular disorders, cerebrovacular surgery, skull base surgery, pediatric cardiac surgery etc. offered by prestigious government institutes.,

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. In India BDS degree is awarded at the successful completion of four years of study and one year of internship to the students as per the old regulations of Dental council of India. According to new regulations, the BDS course comprises of five years with no internship period. Post graduate courses (Master of Dental Surgery. MDS) are also available in different specialties. It requires 3 years of study after BDS.

Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, the maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures, and their impact on the human body. While pursuing the course, one learns about different aspects of Dental Science, which includes various forms of treatment including surgical procedures. Dental materials, Dental anatomy & Oral histology, Oral Pathology, Community Dentistry, Pedodontics, Oral Medicine & Radiology are some of the topics that are generally taught.

After pursuing BDS course, one can work as dentist in government or private hospitals or open up his/her own clinic, to serve the society.

This program is an undergraduate degree course in Unani Medicine and Surgery. Unani education in India is monitored by Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM) which is a statutory Central government body.
BHMS stands for Bachelor Of Homoeopathic Medicine & Surgery. In India this course is equivalent to MBBS. It is a 5.5 year course which includes one year internship The subjects that are taught to students in BHMS course are Homeopathy philospohy, Materia Medica, Repertory, Pharmacy and all other subjects that are taught in MBBS like Anatomy, Physiology, Embryology, Pathology, Microbiology, Orthopedics, ENT, Ophthalmology, Gyne, Obs, PSM, Surgery, Medicine, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Psychology etc.After doing BHMS, you can do MD in following subjects at present – Materia Medica, Organon/Philosophy, Repertory, Paediatrics, Dermatology etc. You cannot become a gynecologist or a surgeon. One needs to be an MBBS for that. Homeopathy works on a holistic philosophy and specialization for ‘parts’ is against its fundamental basics.
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.) is undergraduate degree awarded after the study of five and a half years duration, including 1 year internship. The curriculum includes studying and teaching of modern anatomy, physiology, principles of medicine, preventive and social medicine, pharmacology, toxicology, forensic medicine, ENT, Ophthalmology, principles of surgery, etc. along with ayurvedic topics.
Physiotherapy is a science that helps improve movement dysfunction, and promote functions of the human body and optimal health. This involves assessment, diagnosis and treatment of disease and disability through physical means. Physiotherapists help patients rehabilitate from a state of incapacity due to genetic defect or the result of an accident or illness. Hence, you must have thorough knowledge of the human anatomy and the intricacies of bones, muscles and nerves.
This course aims to provide the student with an appreciation of the role of a pharmacy assistant working in a community pharmacy environment. Furthermore, the course provides an introduction to knowledge and skills to provide a high quality clinical pharmacy service, as well as enabling students to develop skills in providing pharmaceutical care to serve the nation. Constant expansion of health care programmes and increasing need for quality pharmaceutical care ensure a continuing demand of well educated pharmacy assistants in the country. The student will spend 3 years full time studying with practical experience at several government and private hospitals. The curriculum is designed to meet the requirements of the health sector. Key element of the course is the hospital based practical activities (during health semester 4 & 5) which provides the opportunity for students to put theory into practice. Upon successful completion of the programme, a Diploma will be awarded by the University.

In India, a Master of Engineering or Master of Technology or Master of Science in Technology or Master of Science in Engineering degree is a postgraduate program in engineering or technology field. This is generally a 2-year (2.5 years for MSc Engg ) specialization program in a specific branch of engineering or a technical field. Students typically enter the ME/MTech/MSc Engg/Msc.Tech programs after completing a 4-year undergraduate program in engineering resulting in the award of a Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology degree, or a 5-year program in Science or Applied Sciences resulting in the award of a Master of Science degree.

The ME/MTech/MSc Engg programs in India are usually structured as an Engineering Research degree, lesser than Ph.D and considered to be parallel to M.Phil. and M.S. degrees in Humanities and Science respectively. MTech and MSc Engg programs in India were started by some well known institutions with the aim of producing Research Engineers who can also get the position of "Technologist" in the Industries and Research Institutes. In electrical engineering, for example, areas of specialization might include: power systems, energy engineering, electrical machines, instrumentation and control, high voltage or power electronics, telecommunications, communication networks, signal processing, microelectronics...

Master of Pharmacy (MPharma) in India is offered as post graduate (graduate) course after completion of BPharma degree. The MPharma course is normally of two years duration.In some universities it is one-year research and one year theory examiniation, while some offers M Pharm by research completely leading to doctorate degree. The course focuses on specialisation in the field of pharmacy. The MPharma courses are offered by pharmacy colleges affiliated to uniee leading to entry into the pharmacy profession.

The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management). The MBA degree originated in the United States in the late 19th century when the country industrialized and companies sought scientific approaches to management. The core courses in an MBA program cover various areas of business such as accounting, finance, marketing, human resources and operations in a manner most relevant to management analysis and strategy. Most programs also include elective courses.

The MBA is a terminal degree and a professional degree. Accreditation bodies specifically for MBA programs ensure consistency and quality of education. Business schools in many countries offer programs tailored to full-time, part-time, executive, and distance learning students, many with specialized concentrations.

Master of Computer Applications (MCA)is a three-year (six semesters) professional Master's Degree in computer science awarded in India. The course was designed to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals in the field of Information Technology. It is a postgraduate course that can be taken up after obtaining a Bachelor's Degree. The MCA programme is inclined more toward Application Development and thus has more emphasis on latest programming language and tools to develop better and faster applications. The MCA program focuses on providing a sound theoretical background as well as good practical exposure to students in the relevant areas. It is intended to provide a modern, industry-oriented education in applied computer science. It aims at producing trained professionals who can successfully meet the demands of the information technology industry.

Typically,an MCA is a full-time degree course with a duration of three years (six semesters). It covers various aspects of computational theory,programming, algorithm design and optimization, network and database management, mobile technologies, electronics, mathematics, probability,statistics, accounting, finance, etc. Some institutes provide a six years (eleven semesters and six months On Job Training) integrated MCA.

M.Com or Master of Commerce is a postgraduate degree. This is a two year course approved by UGC. The program includes micro and macroeconomics, business commerce, export and import policies. Some other topics are like economic theory, money systems, banking systems and principles of accounting. There are specialization subjects in the last year that the candidates can choose. The subjects are Statistics, Taxation, Marketing, Accounting & Finance, Banking, Insurance; etc. M.Com is a postgraduate degree program that focuses on the methodical learning of the concepts of Accountancy, Statistics, Mathematics, Finance, Banking, Taxation, Management Studies, etc. Therefore, the study of M.Com degree gives an imminent of commerce, management and economics as a whole.

M.A. or Master of Arts is a postgraduate Course. It is, generally, a broad subdivision of culture composed of many expressive disciplines. The field of arts encompasses visual arts, literature, performing arts, including music, drama, dance, film, related media etc. Master of Arts is a course or program in a particular non-scientific subject and as such provides specialised education. The program is available in various subjects including various languages such as English, Hindi, Regional Languages, Foreign Languages and various other fields of Arts. It is normally a two years program conducted over two or more Semesters depending upon the institution providing it. There are 4 or 5 Papers which one has to pass in order to acquire M.A. Masters Degree Programs in Arts involves lectures, examination, and seminars. Masters Degree in Arts is provided all over India in various Universities. The medium of Instruction and the course itself can be in English, Hindi or any other Language provided. Master of Arts Course is also available through Correspondence or Distance Education.

In India, Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is a course offered for those interested in pursuing a career in teaching. The B.Ed. degree is mandatory for teaching at the secondary (classes 9 and 10) and higher secondary (10+2 or classes 11 and 12). The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed. course is Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.). While students from the Arts stream are trained to teach subjects like History, Civics, Geography, and languages, the students from the Science stream are trained to teach Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

In India, chartered accountants are regulated by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India which was established by the Chartered Accountants Act 1949. Prior to 1949, Restricted State Auditors were registered with the respective princely states and British provincial state governments. One of the toughest course of the world. Associate members of the ICAI are entitled to use the prefix 'CA' to their name. Members who are in full-time practice, and have completed 5 years of practice, can add 'FCA' as a prefix to their names. As of December 2013, ICAI had more than 240,000 registered members. Entry to the profession can be by taking the CPT after completion of schooling (12th grade). Alternatively, graduates may take the Intermediate exam.

The intermediate examination is divided into two groups of subjects. On clearing the first group of IPC level, the student has to get training as an articled assistant for three years in a Chartered firm. In third year of training trainees have option to work in any industry before taking the final exam.

For overall development, the student has to undergo two soft skill and communication trainings named GMCS I & GMCS II, which usually lasts for fifteen days each.GMCS-I has to be completed within 1 year of joining as an article, while GMCS-II has to be completed in the final year of articleship or can be undertaken even after the exams. A comprehensive 100 hours Information Technology training and an orientation programme for soft skills development has to be compulsorily completed before joining as an article in a CA firm.

Company secretary course is one of the most sought after and financially rewarding courses in India. This is a distance learning course and the training is given by ICSI (The Institute of Company Secretaries of India) that regulates the profession of company secretaries. Provision of oral coaching classes is also available, but it is optional. The course material is provided by the institute at the time of registration.